In cities where there is no central sewage treatment facility, homes come equipped with a septic system. These efficient systems effectively treat a home’s waste. They only require pumping by Roto-Rooter every few years, depending on the level of usage. If you are planning to build a home that will have a septic tank installed, be sure to get the proper health department permits before putting in the system. The health department will do a soil sample of your property and will provide advice on how well your soil will treat the by-products associated septic treatment.
Your Septic Tank—How it Works
A septic system contains a tank, an incoming sewer pipe, a sewage effluent pipe, and a soil drainfield that contains perforated pipes. The raw sewage from your home is flushed down the toilet and enters the sewer pipe. It then dumps into the septic tank. Within a short time, the solids (sludge) from the waste fall to the bottom of the tank where they will be pumped out every few years. The lighter greases and fats rise to the top, forming a scum layer. The fluid (effluent) flows out of the tank and enters the drainfield through perforated pipes.
The effluent is a cloudy liquid that still contains many germs that must be removed. As the fluid filters down through the soil, those bacteria and viruses are removed and killed by the soil. Because some soils cannot filter the effluent properly, septic systems cannot be installed everywhere. The local health department will advise if you have the right kind of soil.
Care of Your Septic System
Your septic system will work efficiently with very little maintenance. However, it is important that you decide what will be put into the system. Having a discussion with all those living in your home will be useful so everyone understands what can and cannot be flushed into the system. Generally, avoid putting kitchen greases and solid waste into the septic system. It is also helpful to minimize the use of a food disposer, as you will have to perform pumping more often than normal.
Mapping the area where your septic system is installed will be helpful. Be sure to mark where the septic tank access is located and where the drainfield stretches. It is important that no vehicles drive over the drainfield. Any disruptions to the area could cause the effluent to not drain and process correctly. Grass and light shrubbery can be planted over the drainfield. Do not plant large-rooted trees over this area. For questions about your septic system, contact Roto-Rooter.
We use your ZIP code to give you local services and offers.