Did you know that septic systems are common methods of disposing residential waste? They are very prevalent in rural areas that do not have the luxury of community sewer treatment plants nearby. These efficient and inexpensive systems are easily installed by a certified plumber and will provide service for years with only a few maintenance tasks that need to be performed.
If you are unfamiliar with what needs to be done with your septic system, here are some tips and considerations. Contact your local Roto-Rooter technician for a complete list of services and maintenance requirements.
How does a Septic System work?
A septic system is made up of two main sections. They are the septic tank and the drain field or leach field as it is sometimes called. When you flush your toilet, drain your kitchen sink, or run your washing machine the waste flows to the septic tank. This tank is buried a few feet in your yard. You can access this tank through a small portal that is used for pumping the contents.
Once the waste products enter the septic tank, they begin a separation process. The heavier, solid particles (sludge) of the waste settle to the bottom of the tank. The fatty, foamy particles (scum) rise to the top of the waste conglomerate. All the liquid waste (effluent) drains from the tank and flows into the drain field. Like the septic tank, this part of the system is buried in your yard.
The drain field is made up of a system of perforated pipes. The effluent seeps out of the drain field pipes and is filtered through the soil. All impurities in the effluent are removed and killed by the soil.
Considerations with a Septic System
You must have your septic tank pumped every few years. The build-up of sludge in the tank will eventually reach the point where the process will no longer work efficiently. Be sure to contact your local Roto-Rooter service center to take care of this task.
If you are planning to install a septic system for your home, you must have the soil tested. Not all soil types are adequate for sustaining this type of waste treatment. If your soil is not adequate, discuss this issue with your contractor. He may be able to have the correct type of soil hauled in. A certified plumber will need to install your system so that you can be assured that proper building and plumbing codes are followed.
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